In a

**3-phase system**, three circuit conductors carry three

**alternating currents**(of the same frequency) which reach their

**instantaneous peak values**at different times. Taking one conductor as the reference, the other two currents are delayed in time by one-third and two-thirds of one cycle of the electric current. This delay between phases has the effect of giving constant power transfer over each cycle of the current and also makes it possible to produce a

**rotating magnetic field**in an electric motor.

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